UJJAWALA - A Comprehensive Project to Combat Human Trafficking
 
 
UJJAWALA
Human trafficking Human has been identified as one of the most brutal crime committed against marginalized women and children for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. The sex trafficking has emerged as a clandestine business involving a huge financial profit with minimum risk. The important causes for such kind of modern slavery in the region are due to prevailing poverty, perennial flood, insurgency, conflict situations and internal displacement. Therefore we launched “Ujjawala” a comprehensive scheme to curb human trafficking from northeast India. This project was initiated on 1st November 2009 and is supported by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India.

Components of the Ujjawala are
  • Prevention.
  • Rescue
  • Rehabilitation ,Shelter and support services,
  • Reintegration  and Restoration
  • Repatriation
Objectives
  • To generate community awareness for prevention of human trafficking.
  • To rescue   women and children from the place of sexual exploitation.
  • Provision of safe and secured shelter for the survivors.
  • To lay out instant treatment and rehabilitative services both quick and long term including legal aid, counseling and vocational training and fulfillment of  basic needs like food, health care, clothing and toiletries.
  • To undertake restoration/ reintegration of the survivors to the family and society at large. To facilitate the process of repatriation of the foreign survivors   to their country of origin.
  • To generate community awareness against human trafficking through pamphlets, articles, workshop, seminars and other activities.

Our expected goal is to reduce human trafficking in northeastern states of India and to uphold the respect and dignity of the survivors and make them ambience through social and economic empowerment. We are trying to improve socio-economic status of the survivors and marginalized women by promoting skill development program and appropriate education for the girl children. We are also putting effort to expand our network and lobbying with social, legal political, human activists, media houses and organizations at local , national and international level.


Under Ujjawala scheme three “Community Vigilance Committees” and three Balika Sanghas” had been constituted.  Balika sangha is a group of 10 to 12 adolescent girls that will prevent human trafficking and exploitation of children through  social mobilization  and  awareness generation among their peers.

Under the Ujjawala scheme several cultural campaigns were enacted by GOLD for awareness through cultural media like puppet theatre on mobile truck, street plays and folk dance etc.


Incense sticks making training for survivours at UJJAWALA

international level and try to peruse and facilitate qualitative research and data collection efforts/ methods. Order of Home Department (Assam) has already been obtained for pursuing such activities. The organization is a member of the “State Coordination Committee for Prevention of Immoral Traffic Act” and rehabilitation of the victims.  All the police stations of the state had been instructed by the state CID department to extend cooperation to this organization for prevention of trafficking in the entire state. 
JUSTIFICATION OF NEEDS
Human Trafficking has been identified as one of the most brutal crimes committed against marginalized women and children. The sex trafficking has emerged out as a clandestine business involving a huge financial turnover. The stronghold of traffickers with their nefarious design has become a potential threat to the people of the northeast. Fringed by long international border and infested with terrorism the region has become a breeding ground of human traffickers. The situation is further worsened by poverty and   perennial flood. Awareness in the community about human trafficking is also low. There are many report of Assamese tribal girls being trafficked outside the state for commercial sexual exploitation. Hundreds of girls from Nalbari district are trafficked to Haryana. The organization had witnessed many incidents of human trafficking from the region. The organization during 2005-06 facilitated 20 rescue operation and rescued and sheltered 50 victims of trafficking.  It was very much realized that there should be an well designed ante trafficking program to be implemented in the state to restrict the menace of human trafficking. 
The organisation had already sheltered 125 Survivors of Human Trafficking and 72 of them were restored and rehabilitated.   The organisation has received approximately 28  survivors from Mumbai Rescue Foundation and 10 of them Pune State Home.

Balika Sangha  & Community Vigilance Group
Ujjawala has constituted three Community Vigilance Groups and three Balika Sanghas in the Guwahati city of the Kamrup Metro District of Assam. Balika Sangha is a group of adolescent girls. The main objectives of the Community Vigilance Groups and Balika Sang has is to prevent trafficking of women from commercial sexual exploitation through social mobilization and other innovative activities.
 IEC MATERIAL
IEC materials in form of posters were developed by the organization in Assamese and English language. The posters were innovative and could draw the attention of the community about the issue of human trafficking. Booklets and Leaflets were distributed among general public, students and women actives about “Ujjawala scheme” and Human Trafficking.
WORKSHOP
GOLD with support from  Ministry of Women and Child Development Government of India had organized three orientation training workshops to address the issue of Human Trafficking during the period of 1st November 2009 to 30th April 2011. These workshops were attended by Government Officials, Grass roots level NGOs, and Media Personnel. The main rationale of these workshops was to build capacity of grass roots level NGOs to prevent and Intervene   Human Trafficking.
Awareness Campaign against Human Trafficking through Cultural Media
The Organisation has also organized awareness campaign against trafficking in person through cultural media like puppet show on mobile truck, folk dance, street play  under the banner of this scheme.
Vocational Training
There are six looms and seven sewing machines in the Ujjawala Shelter Home.   Raw materials for various vocational training were made available. Training was provided by the trained instructor. As an innovation the organization has started incense stick making unit at the shelter home. The organization had approached Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre, Government of India for providing necessary training and marketing outlet. Necessary training has been imparted to the resident by Cane and Bamboo Technology Centre and this training was sponsored by Ficci, Flo GOLD has also approached different corporate houses for providing employment opportunities to the survivors of human trafficking.
 Information gathering (methodology proposed for gathering information)
The agency has already established a network of informers comprising of taxi drivers, auto rickshaw drivers, vendors, rehabilitated sex workers. The informers are rewarded suitably for providing information. The organization also deploys decoy customers to detect cases of trafficking. The organization has already published its telephone number in the newspaper for receiving information of human trafficking. The organisation maintains data bank of traffickers.

Rescue operations and methodology,  
Whenever there is any information of trafficking, the nearest police station will be informed and date of time of raid will fixed. The female social worker will be involved in the rescue team. The police officer involved in the raid will be in civil dress. The rescue team will maintain full confidentiality about the raid,. Every member of the team will be entrusted with specific responsibility .All evidences will be carefully preserved for investigation. All belongings and children of the victims will also be recovered. The organization has already received written request from police regarding prevention of human trafficking in the state.  Once rescued the victims will be shift to a place of safety where victim will be given basic life support to be followed by other rehabilitative services. It will be ensured that all victims will be treated with dignity and compassion..  Confidentiality is strictly maintained  . Every detail of the rescue operation is recorded.

 Immediate Relief (Basic Amenities and medical Aid).
 Immediately after rescue .the victim will be shifted to the place of safety. The victim will be provided immediate medical attention.  Counseling , food, and cloth will be provided. The shelter home wills have definite guidelines to deal with the victims of trafficking. Free legal aid will be provided to each victim. Each inmate will provided services for successful reintegration/restoration or repatriation. There will be effective follow up services after reintegration or restoration.

COMPONENT REHABILITATION:


Rehabilitative  Homes
: - The rehabilitative home is located at Sixth Mile ,Guwahati

Services available in the rehabilitative home
Food: - The food provided in the home will be wholesome and nutritious. The type of food will be depend upon the food habit of the inmates. No any objectionable food will be allowed at the home.
Personal:- The inmates  are   provided with minimum six sets  of cloth in a year. One woolen garment will be provided to the inmates per year. Undergarment will be provided as per requirement. Toilet soap, oil, sanitary items    are available to all inmates.
Medical Care: - Part time female medical officer will provide medical care to inmates immediately after rescue.. Routine blood examination including VDRL test will be done. The agency will establish a referral system for the critically inmates requiring hospitalization.
Legal Aid:- Each inmates will be provided with  unconditional legal aid. The inmates will provide  with consul to represent their cases. Arrangement will be made to  ensure security  to the inmates while attending court

Administrative Support:- Administrative  support will be provided to the inmates as then required.
Education:-The inmates who are drop out from school will be   motivated join formal school Tuition fees, uniforms , books will be provided free of cost.

Vocational Training and Income Generation Activities:-  The vocational training will be need based and will depend on marketing outlets. It has been observed that that Assamese woman has natural inclination towards weaving. The handloom products have sufficient demand in the market. Hence, the inmates will be trained in weaving.  Jute is locally available resource in Assam. The inmates will be taught in making Jute items like bag, doll etc . The organization will take part in exhibition, fare and melas and search marketing avenues. Some traits as glass painting, screen painting and beautician course will be initiated in phase manner. The organization will network with State Social Welfare Board and other agencies for the training of the survivors. The survivors will be encouraged to form self-help groups.

Restoration to Families:-All victims having home within the country will be restored home. It is expected that approximately 25 victims will restored in one year time .Before a victim is restored, all the information of her home will be gathered through field workers, local NGOs, police and civil administration. Extreme caution will be taken that no victim is re-trafficked once restored. Local community will be involved if required. The wellbeing of the victim will be closely monitored. Telephone, mail will be used for getting information. The local police station will provide necessary cooperation in follow up services. Whenever there is any adverse situation the organization will immediately intervene.

Seed Money¬:- The victims will be adequately trained before restoration or reintegration. The seed money will be provided for purchase of equipments and raw materials for earning livelihood. The organization keeps record of materials purchased.

Transport for victim and escort:- All survivors will be provided with an female escort during restoration or reintegration. The transportation cost will be provided to the survivors.

Networking/Follow-up:-The organization will make necessary network with governmental and other social organization. Special emphasis will be given to law enforcement and judiciary. Regular networking meeting will be done with various stakeholders. Such networking will prove helpful in combating all stages of trafficking.

REPATRIATION :-When a victim of foreign origin she will also be provided with shelter. However, the agency will refer the victim to the government for necessary repatriation.

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